Dating religious icons
Constantine V was even more zealous and actively persecuted those who venerated icons, the iconophiles. Olympus was infamously burned down, and many others were stripped of their treasures.
Mutilations, stonings, and executions were carried out on those who did not toe the line.
Another type of iconostasis is the tall wooden screen seen in eastern churches which stands in front of the altar and is decorated with several icons.
The most revered of all icons were those classified as ) not only over individuals but also over entire cities during times of war.
These small icons could take the form of miniature panels with a protective lid, necklaces, or pilgrim flasks made from clay or silver bearing an image of the holy figure subject to the pilgrimage made.
As in churches, icons were prayed and bowed to, kissed, and had incense and tapers lit before them.
Consequently, there is no danger of such works becoming universal idols as they are a mere imperfect reflection of the divine reality. 753 CE) also insisted that there was a difference between veneration and all-out worship: When God is seen clothed in flesh, and conversing with men, I make an image of the God whom I see.
Although the term may apply to any representation of a holy figure (Jesus Christ, the Virgin Mary, apostle, saint or archangel) in a mosaic, wall painting, or as small artworks made from wood, metal, gemstones, enamel, or ivory, it is most often used specifically for images painted on small portable wooden panels.
These panels were usually created using the encaustic technique where coloured pigments were mixed with wax and burned into the wood as an inlay.
Icons, that is images of holy persons, were an important part of the Byzantine Christian Church from the 3rd century CE onwards.
Venerated in churches, public places, and private homes, they were often believed to have protective properties.